The Mayan civilization has inhabited parts of America, especially Mexico, for many years. Today there are still tribes that keep all their features and characteristics. It was a civilization dedicated to agriculture. Hence their clothing led to such activity. In case you even don’t know and would like to learn more about this town, we explain how Mayans did develop and what did the Mayans wear.
What did the Mayans wear and how?
The Mayan women wore skirts, usually long and ample cotton shirts covered with bandanas to cover their shoulders. Many of these shirts were embroidered with flowers and cheerful colors.
- The Mayan men wore special pants that they called “patí” with the bare chest. Always adorned with colors and embroidery giving a touch of joy to your garments.
- The much richer nobility wore many garments and embroidered with stones and feathers on their clothes. Also, they wore large belts, headdresses, sandals, and all kinds of luxurious accessories that distinguished them from the lower classes.
- They used to wear many ornaments on the head, to give color to the hair: scarves, headbands, hats, conical caps, etc.
- The higher classes added jewelry and gold to their accessories with which they always adorned themselves at any time of the day. They were well known for this particularity.
- In special moments when they celebrated and celebrated something, they used to expand the use of jewelry and their clothing as a show of reverence. In this way, they increased the use of gold, jewelry, and everything they had at hand.
You can get more information about it in any American history book.
How the Mayans developed in the world?
Mayan society was of a state type: the political-social organization of the Maya was complex, articulated and (as often in ancient and medieval societies) centered on the figure of a king, who was a king-priest and consequently, the form of government it was of theocratic type.
Mayan society was made up of three main classes:
At the head of each city-state was a king who has attributed almost divine powers. His highest honorary title was “halach huinic ” (the real man) and his absolutism was consciously accepted law. The halach hunuic was considered a personification of the sun and his life and death symbolically represented the astral cycle. As a child, he prepared himself for the difficult task of representing the very high dignity he would be entrusted with. For the Maya, the title of king was handed down from father to son.
Since he was a child, the future sovereign was subjected to care and attention that today we would not hesitate to define cruel: his skull was flattened, his nose reshaped, his face tattooed, his nose and earlobes adorned with precious stones. From the earliest days of his birth, the head was placed between two wooden planks tied together so that under constant pressure, the skull flattened and became wider. According to the Mayan religion, the gods gave a more noble air and made the heads more suitable for receiving loads to be carried.
- The middle class:
The middle class was made up of officials, warriors, artisans, merchants (better at calculation than writing), artists, architects, who lived near the civic and religious nucleus where the ruling class resided. The traders exchanged necessities such as wax, salt, rubber, flint, but also superfluous objects or products such as honey, cinnabar, unworked stones, gold, and silver, feathers, jaguar skins, pottery, and tobacco. The exchanges took place through barter or payment with cocoa beans, beans, or shells.
- The common man:
The common man (who was the most numerous class of society) was placed at the social ladder base. This devoted its forces to work in the fields and the construction of monumental buildings and roads. The “Plebei”, also called “jaiba – uinicob ” that is inferior to men, living on the city’s outskirts in small groups of huts near the agricultural land. These houses were rectangular, built with half-timbered walls, mud, and thatched roofs. The Jaiba -Uinicob led a very hard life; they spent part of their day working in the fields and gave a good part of the harvest to the nobles.
- The slaves:
Slaves and prisoners of war were considered outside society and could be more easily sacrificed to the gods.
Religion was a very important element of daily life and for centuries, the Maya were engaged in building monuments and palaces in honor of nature gods who favored their happiness. For example, very famous are the pyramids that were erected for the sun god, which are very similar to those found in Egypt and Mesopotamia, which still raises many questions among scholars.
The Maya thought that their world was an interlude between the Heaven of the Divinities and Hell, home to frightening monsters that brought drought and famine. Therefore, the gods had to be propitiated every day with rituals and offerings that favored divine benevolence and the arrival of rains, a fundamental element for life.